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Accidents in the past – Simple Past and Past Continuous; Polysemic words – Atividade 6 - 07/04/2021

Simple Past and Past Continuous

Usos do Simple Past

Nós utilizamos o Simple Past para falar sobre:

  • Algo que aconteceu uma vez no passado:

I met my husband in 1983.
We went to London for our holidays. 

  • Algo que aconteceu várias vezes no passado:

When I was a child I walked a mile to school every day. 

We ate a lot while we were on holiday. 

Algo que aconteceu por algum tempo, no passado:

I lived abroad for five years. 

She played a lot of soccer when she was younger. 

Uso do Past Continuous

O Past Continuous é um tempo verbal utilizado para indicar ações que estavam ocorrendo em um momento determinado do passado de uma forma progressiva, por isso também é muito utilizado quando estão sendo executadas duas ou mais ações no passado com a palavra auxiliar while.

  • What were you doing at 8 o’clock last night? I was watching television.
  • In 1994 he was working in a small town in Spain. 
  • When I woke up this morning it was raining and my mother was singing in the kitchen.

Disponível em: https://www.concursosnobrasil.com.br/escola/ingles/past-simple-and-past-continuous.html Acesso em 10 de mar. 2021

Polysemic words (Palavras polissêmicas)


Polysemy refers to the quality of some words to have several related meanings. A word which has several related meanings is thus a polyseme. These can be compared to homonyms, which are words that have several completely different meanings.

Examples:

A tidal wave of mud

BRUMADINHO, BRAZIL — Luiz de Castro was installing lamps at a mining complex in Brazil late last month when a loud blast split the air. He figured it was just a truck tire popping, but a friend knew better.

“No, it’s not that!” the friend said. “Run!”

Dashing up a staircase, caked in mud and pelted by flying rocks, Mr. Castro clambered to safety. But as he watched, a wall of mud unleashed by the collapse of a mining dam swallowed his co-workers, he said. Tiago, George, Icaro — they and at least 154 othe

Dashing up a staircase, caked in mud and pelted by flying rocks, Mr. Castro clambered to safety. But as he watched, a wall of mud unleashed by the collapse of a mining dam swallowed his co-workers, he said. Tiago, George, Icaro — they and at least 154 others, all buried alive.

http://Disponível em: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/02/09/world/americas/brazil-dam-collapse.html Acesso em 11 de ago. de 2020

1.Answer these questions in English.

a) What was Luis de Castro doing when a loud blast split the air?

b) How many people were buried alive?

2. Retire do texto:

a) Uma oração em que o verbo esteja no Past Continuous Tense.

b) Três orações em que o verbo regular esteja no Simple Past Tense.

c) Duas orações em que o verbo irregular esteja no Simple Past Tense.

Traffic accident fatalities in September 2020: hardly any change compared with September 2019

Number of persons injured up 0.6% on the same month a year earlier

WIESBADEN – In September 2020, 271 people died in road traffic accidents in Germany. Based on provisional results, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that this was a decline of 4 people compared with September 2019. The number of people injured was up by 0.6% to roughly 36 200 in September 2020 compared with the same month a year earlier.

            *Wiesbaden – Cidade na Alemanha

http://Disponível em: https://www.destatis.de/EN/Press/2020/11/PE20_464_46241.html Acesso em 11 de mar. 2021

3. Mark an X TRUE or FALSE according to the text. (Marque um X no verdadeiro ou falso de acordo com o texto.)

The Scientist – Coldplay

Come up to meet you, tell you I’m sorry
You don’t know how lovely you are
I had to find you, tell you I need you

Tell you I set you apart
Tell me your secrets and ask me your questions
Oh, let’s go back to the start

Running in circles, coming up tails
Heads on a science apart
Nobody said it was easy

It’s such a shame for us to part
Nobody said it was easy
No one ever said it would be this hard

Oh, take me back to the start
I was just guessing at numbers and figures
Pulling the puzzles apart
Questions of science, science and progress

4. Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B.

Column A                                                              Column B

(a) Easy                                            (     ) an area of study that uses scientific methods.

(b) Sorry                                          (     ) the ability to feel guilty.

(c) Shame                                         (     ) not difficult to do.

(d) Science                                       (     ) embarrassed or unhappy about something that you did



5. A música “The Scientist”, da banda britânica Coldplay, fala sobre o arrependimento e o perdão.  Retire do texto versos em que o eu-lírico

a) descreve uma pessoa;

b) expressa seu desejo em voltar ao passado.

6. Identifique o significado da palavra HARD nas seguintes orações.

a) No one ever said it would be this hard

b) Diamonds are hard.


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